diagnosed insomnia cases stem
from psychological problems, and in this case a doctor
would generally prescribe therapy over medication. As well as therapy,
there are also different at-home methods of treatment and herbal
prescription medication cannot be purchased over the counter and must
be prescribed by a medical professional. However, this may depend on
which country you live in and how your health system works. Insomnia
medicine is not usually
given to people under the age of 18 because of the side
adults will also be advised to try
other options first. For example, many people report to
have benefited from acupuncture
for insomnia. It is important to remember that
sleeping pills are similar to other medications in that they should not
be shared with friends, family or colleagues. If you have been
prescribed a drug to aid sleep and it has helped, do not give this
medication to a friend complaining about similar issues.
types of over-the-counter treatments for sleep deprivation will either
contain a type of antihistamine
for insomnia as a supplement. Antihistamines are commonly
known for treating
allergies or controlling allergic reactions. They work against the
histamine chemical produced in the body.
of the side effects of the drug is drowsiness and fatigue. This is why
it is used in many over-the-counter insomnia medicines. However, it is
not advised to use an antihistamine you have been given for an allergy
as a long term solution for sleep deprivation.
Commonly Prescribed Medication for Insomnia
Zaleplon is a
sedative-hypnotic drug used primarily to treat insomnia and for those
who have trouble sleeping in general. As with many sleeping pills, it
is usually only advised
to be taken for two weeks due to its high dependency and
possibility of withdrawal symptoms.
medication can cause day
time drowsiness and therefore some activities will have to
be put on hold e.g. working with heavy machinery, driving and drinking
alcohol. Alcohol can affect lots of medication in different ways and it
is best to avoid it if possible when trying to improve your sleep.
A popular form of
medication for insomnia are benzodiazepines
(also known as benzos).
These psychoactive drugs have been available since the 1960's and come
in many different forms. They work as a sedative and have anti-anxiety,
muscle relaxant and hypnotic effects.
is generally only prescribed on a short
term basis of two to four weeks, due to the side effects
associated with it. The risk of dependence is high and, if taken for a
long time, it can result in the body becoming immune to its effects. A
person taking this medication will sleep for longer time periods and
wake up less often.
types of benzodiazepine, such as diazepam,
are used for longer periods. They work well to combat sleep deprivation
but can leave a person feeling very tired
and groggy when they wake up in the morning, and are
therefore not recommended unless the symptoms are severe.
form of a tricyclic antidepressant, known medically as doxepin, is made in
oral tablet form and as a cream. The topical cream is used for skin
irritations and the tablet is prescribed to sufferers of anxiety,
depression and insomnia. This type of insomnia medicine, and its uses,
varies in different countries.
Doxepin works by
acting on nerve cells in the brain and stopping noradrenaline and
serotonin being absorbed. These two neurotransmitters have different
tasks but when they are released and absorbed into nerve cells, they
have an impact on a
person's mood. Doxepin works to prevent the
neurotransmitters reabsorbing, as it is believed that this can affect
medically as ramelteon, is a sleep agent taken as an oral tablet to aid
patients suffering from sleep-onset insomnia. It is a melatonin receptor agonist
that works in a similar way to melatonin.
and serotinin are hormones produced in the brain to regulate
sleep. At night it is triggered by darkness. Any overexposure to bright
or artificial light will upset the natural balance of melatonin in the
Eszopiclone is a
nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic that can be used as a mild medication for
insomnia and is mostly prescribed to older patients with sleep
deprivation. There has been much debate over the effectiveness of the
drug, as many studies comparing it with placebos have shown little
results in its favor.
Zolpidem is an
insomnia medicine in the form of a sedative used to help you fall
asleep and stay that way throughout the night. It is mainly used to
treat people who have problems settling and falling asleep at night,
and can control sleep maintenance if distributed in a controlled
release. This medication is not recommended for people under the age of
18, or during pregnancy.
you are visiting your doctor with complaints about insomnia, it is
vital that they are aware of any illnesses you may have, or have had in
the past. Your own doctor will have details on your medical history but
this will not be the case if you have recently moved to a new area or
used to treat a wide range of psychological disorders under the
umbrella of major depressive disorders. They work to regulate
mood by balancing the brain's chemicals.
is a wide range of antidepressants available to treat different
disorders and the drug can often be prescribed for insomnia. In some
circumstances this may be a cost related issue, because insomnia
medication with brand names are more expensive than generic
medication for insomnia is not advised for long term usage due to high
dependency and other side effects - such as rebound
insomnia - that could have a negative impact on
overall health. Some antidepressants are known to cause the exact
opposite effect, stimulating
insomnia instead of treating it. For example, there is a
clear connection between Effexor